Booya16 SDR Radio Receiver Description

The Booya16 SDR radio receiver samples RF signals at 16MHz with 14 bits and streams the sampled signal into PC memory continuously in real time. The Booya software demodulates the signals down to baseband at the full bandwidth. The Booya digitizer boards plug into the Cypress USB 2.0 board, included. The Cypress USB 2 board provides the interface to the PC. The Booya SDR includes an active Mini Whip antenna to allow good radio reception in the 0 to 8 MHz band. The BooyaSDR free open source software on the PC provides a fully functioning SDR receiver application demonstrating the full Booya digitizer capability.

 

USB 2

to

Computer

 

+12 Volt

 

Antenna

Ethernet

Wire

 

Figure 1. Booya16 SDR Digitizer Assembly

 

Features

16 MHz 14 bit sampling rate

USB 2 Super Speed realtime input into PC memory

 

Features (continued)

Full speed decimation into 16 kHz bands in PC software

            (1024 bands, 16kHz wide, spaced 8kHz apart )

Realtime demodulation of standard radio signals, AM, LSB, USB, CW

Any demodulation possible with software modification

Active Mini Whip antenna

 


 

Figure 2. Booya16 SDR Included Hardware

 

Items Included Hardware:

  1. +12 Volt Power Supply
  2. USB 2 Cable
  3. Ethernet Wire to Active Antenna
  4. Active Antenna
  5. USB2 Cypress FX2 Interface Board
  6. Booya Digitizer Board with LTC2246 A/D Chip and 16 MHz clock
  7. Antenna Adapter Board
  8. Alternate RF Connector Board

 

The Booya16 Digitizer product includes only items 2,5,6,8 above

 

Included Software, download from http://booyasdr.sf.net

  1. BooyaSDR Windows PC software application
  2. Windows Drivers

 

Required items:

  1. Windows PC, Windows 7 or better OS and a dual core PC should be sufficient
  2. Internet connection to obtain software

 

Figure 3. Assembled Booya16 SDR

 

SDR Hardware Setup Instructions

  1. Connect the Booya SDR hardware components as shown in Figure 3

A.     Connect the digitizer board to the FX2 Cypress USB2 interface board if not already connected. Align the white marks to be sure the board is orientated correctly.

B.     Connect the provided USB2 Cable between the FX2 Cypress USB2 board and the PC

C.    Connect the Antenna Adapter Board to the Digitizer Board. Align the 6 pin connectors (Leave power pins bent upward unconnected) 

D.    Connect the Ethernet cable between the Antenna Adapter Board and the active antenna

E.     Plug the +12 V power supply into the wall and connect the power cord to the Antenna Adapter Board

F.     Hang the active antenna as high as possible in the room

  1. Depress the blue power button on the FX2 board to turn on the red power indicator light
  2. Download the latest version of the BooyaBinV1.0.zip software from http://booyasdr.sf.net
  3. Unzip the file to a convenient location
  4. Install the FX2 driver

A.     Verify the FX2 board is connected to the PC and the red power light is on

B.     Go into the Driver/FX2Driver4Booya16 directory and click on inf-wizard.exe

C.    Select the 0X04b4 0X8613 line under Vendor ID, Product ID in the libuusb-win32 Inf-Wizard window, then select next

D.    In the Device Configuration window

1.      Verify the Vendor ID is 0X04B4 and Product ID is 0x8613

2.      Enter a Device Name on the last line such as Booya16

3.      Hit Next

E.     Create a location to save the .inf file where you can find it again (you can always easily create a new one but you can also reuse the old one if needed as long as you can locate it)

F.     Hit save

G.    Click on Install Now..

H.    The "Installation successful." message should come up now and you are done.

  1. Click on the Booya16.bat file to start the application. The program should complete its startup routine in a few seconds. The GUI user interface is intended to be self explanatory with a few pointers given under the Help menu. The program can also be started from the command line by changing directory to the bin folder and typing "booyasdr.exe fx2_16".

 

Troubleshooting

The Booya16 SDR is intended to work out of the box with minimum installation. Please follow the installation instructions above carefully. If you get the message "initFX2 () failed" in the console window, the most likely reason is the board is not connected to the computer over the USB wire. Connect the board and restart the application. The BooyaSDR software must be quit and restarted whenever the board is reconnected or whenever the data stream stops otherwise. There is no facility to restart the data stream from within the application at this time.

 

Antenna Setup

A 7 ft Ethernet wire is included in this kit, but reception is improve using a longer Ethernet wire antenna connection. A 100 ft wire can be used to put the active antenna out in the yard. The active antenna needs to be protected from the weather if placed outdoors. A small plastic bag and tape work fine to protect the active antenna temporarily. Placing the active antenna remotely on a long wire will normally improve reception substantially by reducing noise pickup from local sources and some studies suggest that the long wire act as part of the antenna increasing signal strength. Please remember not to connect the active antenna or antenna adapter to Ethernet. While Ethernet wire is used, there is no compatibility between the antenna hardware and Ethernet.

 

Alternate RF Connector



               (A)


              (B)


Figure 4. RF Connector, (A) with Stepup Signal Transformer (B) with Straight Through Connection




Figure 5. Schematic of the Alternate RF Connector

 

The RF connector show in Figure 4 is included to provide maximum application flexibility. The RF connector can be used in place of the antenna adapter board to replace the custom ethernet connection with a standard SMA antenna connector. The 6 pin connector is intended to connect to the digitizer in place of the antenna adapter. A schematic for the RF connector is shown in Figure 5.

 

Configuration (A) has the stepup transformer removed from the antenna adapter board and place on the RF connector board. The stepup transformer has a 64:1 impedance ratio and does a good job of increasing the voltage amplitude of the RF signal to put it in the A/D range. Be sure to align the white mark on the side of the transformer with the white mark on the board to ensure it is connected in the stepup direction.

 

Configuration (B) has jumpers installed across the input connector to directly connect the SMA input to the A/D input if such a connection is desired. The +3.3V and GND edge connector pins should normally be bent up out of the way in this configuration to prevent one of the A/D inputs from being grounded.

 

The digitizer board +3.3V and GND edge connector power output pins are provided in case there is a desire to power some input circuitry. Normally, however, these two pins should be bent up out of the way so that they are not connected. The GND pin in particular will ground one input of the LTC2246 A/D which is intended to be left floating. The middle +IN and –IN pins connect directly to the LTC2246 chip input on the digitizer board. Bending the pins up to disconnect them is not necessary in Configuration (A) since the transformer isolates the A/D input from GND but is needed in Configuration (B) to prevent one of the A/D inputs from being DC grounded.

 

Experimental Grade Product

While every effort has been made to maximize the product functionality, product improvement is possible. The product does provide high quality basic functionality and is intended to work out of the box with minimum setup. Help is available through the contact information. Facility is provided for the user to upgrade the product as desired. Basic functionality is guaranteed.

 

Additional Technical Details and Development Setup

Additional technical details are provided in the section to more fully describe the product and to facilitate experimental product modification and development.

 

 

Figure 6. A Schematic Version of the Connections Shown in Figure 3

 

Active Antenna

The included active antenna is based on the PA0RDT Mini Whip active antenna. While mini-whip performance remains controversial on the internet, it was found through simple experimentation that the active antenna substantially improves receiver performance for signal reception between 0 and 30 MHz. Therefore the additional feature of the active antenna has been included in this product.

 

Ethernet wire is used to connect the antenna adapter board to the active antenna as the default setup. Optionally an SMA adapter board is included for application flexibility. While coax is more commonly used in RF work, Ethernet was chosen in this application due to its high quality and high availability.

 

Ethernet Wire to Antenna

 

Ethernet wire is used to connect the active antenna to the antenna adapter. The signals carried by the Ethernet wire are RF signal down from the antenna, +12 Volt power up to the antenna and GND. The GND wire doubles as both the power ground and the signal ground.

 

Ethernet

Pin                  Signal

 

4                      RF signal

3,5,6               GND

1,2                   +12V

 

The table above shows the ethernet connector pin assignment.

 

Digitizer Board Connector



Text
                  Box: +3.3V 6

                  GND 5

                  - IN 4

                  + IN 3

                  VCM 2

                  N/C 1

The diagram above shows the Booya digitizer board input connector.

 

RF input pins 3 and 4 connect directly to the LTC2246 A/D chip. No input circuitry has been put on the board to maximize user flexibility. VCM pin 2 is the LTC2246 voltage reference output for biasing the center tap of an input transformer. Pins 5 and 6 are GND and +3.3V power to power any user provided input circuitry.

 

Software Application Development Setup

As this product is intended as a development component, source code is included on the website in the file BooyaSDRSource.zip for modification and development. The following steps will setup your computer for BooyaSDR application software development.

 

1. Download and unzip BooyaSDRSource.zip and wxWidgets.zip to a convenient location from the link on http://booyasdr.sf.net

2. Download and install Codeblocks 12.11 or later.

3. Open the Source\booyasdr.cbp project by clicking on it or from the File>Open menu in Codeblocks.

4. Tell Codeblocks where wxWidgets is by setting the wx global variable in Codeblocks.

            a.  In Codeblocks select Settings>Global Variables to open the Global Variables Editor dialog box

            b. Hit the second from the top New button

            c. Type wx in the box and click Ok

            d. Set the wx variable base to the location of wxWidgets using the “...” button next to base or by typing the path in the blank next to base

            e. Close the dialog

  1. The program should now compile. Test the compile by selection the Build>Rebuild menu and look for 0 errors in the Build log box

 

Firmware Development Setup

The FX3 firmware is provided for full user flexibility. Perform the following step to setup the firmware compiler.

1. Download and install the EZ-USB FX3 SDK v1..3.3 for Windows from http://www.cypress.com/file/139276/download (or for more FX3 firmware information and Linux go to EZ-USB FX3 Software Development Kit | Cypress )

2. Download the latest version of FX3firmwareV0.0.zip from http://booyasdr.sf.net and unzip to a convenient location.

3. Open the Eclipse EZ-USB FX3 SDK and import the slaveFifo project.

4. The firmware may be modified as desired using the SDK instruction.

5. To use the new firmware in the BooyaSDR.exe application, move the new firmware called slavefifo.img from the Debug directory in the firmware project to the BooyaSDR\Bin directory. You may want to make a backup copy the existing slavefifo.img prior to replacing it.

 

Booya SDR to WebSDR Comparison

The Booya SDR is roughly modeled on the Wide-band WebSDR which provides a 29 MHz bandwidth and can be seen on the web at http://www.websdr.org and  http://websdr.ewi.utwente.nl:8901/.

 

The following table compares the Booya16 SDR and Wide-band WebSDR.

 

                                                                                    Wide-band

                                    Booya SDR                           WebSDR

 

Operation System    MS Windows                                    Linux

PC connection         USB 2                                                Ethernet

Bandwidth                 8 MHz                                     29 MHz

User interface           PC                                          Web browser

 

 

Contact

Please send any questions or comments to booyasdr@gmail.com.

 

License

This document and the project software source code are MIT Licensed. The MIT License is an open source license which MIT encourages others to use. No part of this project was produced by MIT (except for the fftw software package). Details of the MIT License are at:

 

https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIT_License

The MIT License itself is:

 

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2016 Booya Corporation

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Booya16 Images

Figure 10. USB2 FX2 Cypress Board Left, Booya16 Digitizer Right

 

Please send any questions or comments on this product to booyasdr@gmail.com.